Historical and current Information including links to period related articles on some of histories most famous shipwrecks.




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Titanic is the world's most famous shipwreck posterThe Titanic is the world's most famous shipwreck. The White Star Line steamer sank on her maiden voyage in 1912.
The Titanic boasted a gymnasium, swimming pools, a squash court and Turkish baths. At 11.40pm on 14 April 1912, the Titanic’s lookout rang the bell three times and said, “Iceberg right ahead”. The Titanic's remains were discovered after a long search in 1985, since then several expeditions have returned to the site and explored the wreck. Below are links to original New York Times articles and links to other Titanic related sites.
New York Times Article Titanic Sinking.pdf
Titanics Officers Tell Why Appeals of Dying Were Unheeded.pdf
Blames Titanic Captain Unwise to Speed Into Ice Field Days Capt. Moore.pdf

Discovery Channel Online's Titanic site 
Titanic - Voyage of  Dscovery 
Lost Liners (PBS) 

Andrea Doria
The Andrea Doria was built at the Ansaldo shipyards in Sestri, Genoa, and was launched in 1951. She had accommodations for 1,241 passengers, and 575 crew. She was luxurious to the last detail of her structure and was considered the flagship of the Italian Line. At 11:22 PM, July 25, 1956, while navigating through a dense fog, under the command of Captain Piero Calamai, the Andrea Doria and the Swedish freighter, Stockholm, collided. This disaster has no logical explanation. It could have and should have been avoided, but radar readings aboard both vessels were misinterpreted.
Andrea Doria
Andrea Doria Shipwreck Diving Video
Andrea Doria New York Times article 1956.pdf
DIVERS TO SURVEY THE ANDREA DORIA; Inspection of Sunken Liner Planned

RMS Rhone
British steamer RMS Rhone sank off Salt Island, in the British Virgin Islands
The 310' British steamer RMS Rhone sank off Salt Island, in the British Virgin Islands during a hurricane in 1867. Today, the wreck of the Rhone lies in two pieces on a sloping bottom. The Rhone is considered one of the best wreck dives in the Caribbean.
The British Virgin Islands Shipwreck Directory Caribbean Shipwrecks


General Slocum
Slocum was a 264' sidewheel steamer. She caught fire and sank with a great loss of lifeThe Slocum was a 264' sidewheel steamer. She caught fire and sank with a great loss of life. Many passengers jumped overboard into the freezing water The final death toll from the tragedy was over 1,000.
New York Times Article General Solcom.pdf
New York Times Article 1,000 LIVES MAY BE LOST IN BURNING OF THE EXCURSION BOAT GEN. SLOCUM; St. Mark's Church Excursion E
An estimated total of a thousand dead, besides several hundred injured, is the record of the fire disaster which yesterday destroyed the big excursion steamer General Slocum, which was burned to the water's edge before her Captain succeeded in beaching

Mary Rose
Built between 1509 and 1511, the Mary Rose was one of the first ships able to fire a broadside. King Henry VIII, described as, “the fairest flower of all the ships that ever sailed”. The ship marked the transition between the medieval ‘floating castles’ and the sleeker galleons. On July 19 1545,  The heavily laden Mary Rose heeled over in a squall of wind and rapidly capsized, water pouring into the lower gun ports. She went down with more than 90 guns on her decks and only 40 of her 700 crew survived. Salvage work started the same year the great warship sank, raising some guns, yards and sails, but was halted by 1550

When John Ericsson conceived his "impregnable battery" he had no idea that it would still be fighting battles a hundred years after his death. In the mid nineteenth century he struggled to have his concepts approved by distinguished industrialists mired in the past. But then came the War between the States, and with war always comes technological advancement and the adoption of previously unacceptable innovations. Word arrived in Washington that the South was building an ironclad ram that could destroy the Union fleet with single-handed impunity. Unwittingly, the CSS Virginia (ex-USS Merrimack) provided the impetus to goad reluctant Northern politicians into funding the construction of an ironclad opponent. Thus the Monitor came into being.
Then came the battle that forever changed the way naval strategists viewed warship design and ship-to-ship engagement. The Monitor and the Virginia fought to a standstill, neither ship inflicting significant damage upon the other. Each was invulnerable to the other and to land-based batteries. Nevertheless, by the end of that year (1862) both ironclads were gone: the Virginia was blown up by her crew to prevent capture, the Monitor foundered in a gale off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.


Sailing from New York to Liverpool, the pride of the Cunard fleet, Lusitania, nicknamed ‘the greyhound of the seas’, was sunk by a German torpedo off the Old Head of Kinsale, Southern Ireland on Friday 7th May, 1915. Shortly after 2:10 pm on Friday 7 May 1915, Lusitania was hit without warning by a torpedo fired by the German Submarine U-20. She sank in a matter of 20 minutes and 1,201 men, women and children were lost. Of these fatalities, 128 were American citizens.

The Bismarck was the pride of the German navy. Described by Winston Churchill as, "a terrific ship and a masterpiece of naval construction," she was the length of three football fields. However, the maiden voyage of this German warship was short-lived. In May 1941, after an eight-day chase in the Atlantic, Bismarck succumbed to attack from the British in one of the most dramatic sea battles of the war. Crippled by heavy enemy fire, Bismarck tumbled and slid to a halt on a steep undersea mountain. Only 115 of the 2,200 crew survived.  In 1989, Dr Robert D Ballard and his team finally found Bismarck's remains.

Edmund Fitzgerald
On November 10, 1975, in the most famous shipwreck in Great Lakes history, the Edmund Fitzgerald sank in a treacherous storm on Lake Superior. Thanks to the popular 1976 song by singer/songwriter Gordon Lightfoot, the story of the Edmund Fitzgerald has reached and maintained legendary status. The gigantic ore carrier, at one time the largest ship on the Great Lakes and holder of numerous tonnage records, was caught up in a vicious November storm on Lake Superior and, after hours of battling high winds and 30-foot waves, suddenly disappeared from radar without so much as a single warning or SOS from its captain or crew.
The Great Lakes Shipwreck Directory


The sinking of the warship Belgrano  is one of the most dramatic and controversial events of the Falklands War. On May 2 1982, HMS Conqueror, the British nuclear submarine, fired two torpedoes at the Argentine warship, General Belgrano. Some 300 men were killed on impact.

The Nuestra Senora de Atocha was built in Havana in 1620. She was sunk during a hurricane in 1622. The Atocha was partially salvaged by the Spanish in 1623, but according to John Potter's TREASURE DIVER'S GUIDE, "Before work could be concluded the marker buoy on the wreck was carried away in a storm, and the site was never relocated by the Spaniards." 
The Florida Keys Shipwreck Expo 

HMS Victory
One of the world's greatest maritime mysteries was solved when Odyssey Marine Exploration discovered the shipwreck of HMS Victory, lost in 1744 under the command of Admiral Sir John Balchin. The direct predecessor and inspiration behind Nelson's flagship, Balchin's Victory was the mightiest and most technically advanced vessel of her age. She was lost during a storm with all hands and was the last Royal Navy warship to be lost at sea with a complete complement of bronze cannon. Two of the greatest admirals in English history, Sir John Norris and Sir John Balchin called her their flagship. Research indicates that Balchin's Victory sank with a substantial amount of gold and silver specice aboard.

Odyssey has been cooperating closely with the United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defence (MOD) on the project, and all activities at the site have been conducted in accordance with protocols agreed with MOD and Royal Navy officials.

Odyssey discovered the site nearly 100 km from where the ship was historically believed to have been wrecked on a reef near the Channel Islands. In an operation conducted in cooperation with the MOD, Odyssey has completed an archaeological pre-disturbance survey of the site, conducted limited test trenching, and recovered two bronze cannon to confirm the identity of the shipwreck. The cannon recovered include a 12-pounder featuring the royal arms of George II and a 4 ton, 42-pounder bearing the crest of George I. The huge 42-pounder recovered is the only known example of a gun of this type and size currently in existence on dry land.
For additional information

SS Republic
according to Odyssey Marine "The SS Republic was a Civil War-era side wheel steamship that sank in 1865 while carrying a large cargo of silver and gold coins and a stunning variety of everyday objects. It was discovered by Odyssey Marine Exploration in 2003.

En route from New York to New Orleans with passengers and commercial cargo, the SS Republic was lost in a violent hurricane on October 25, 1865. The passengers and crew escaped from the sinking ship, yet a fortune in coins and much needed cargo to rebuild the war-ravaged south sank to the bottom of the Atlantic seabed 1,700 feet (518 meters) deep. Nearly 140 years later, Odyssey discovered the shipwreck of the Republic approximately 100 miles off the Georgia coast. The archaeological excavation conducted during the 2003-2004 excavation seasons was accomplished entirely through the use of advanced robotics and cutting-edge technologies and was the first of its kind ever performed at such depths. 

Over 51,000 U.S. gold and silver coins were recovered from the Republic wreck site, as well as nearly 14,000 artifacts - a fascinating assortment of 19th century goods in use during the Civil War years. In addition to the wealth of knowledge gained from the Republic shipwreck project, the success of the archaeological excavation has set a precedent for achieving the highest archaeological standards essential to the emerging field of deep-water shipwreck exploration and recovery.

Odyssey's discovery and archaeological excavation of the SS Republic was the subject of a National Geographic one-hour special entitled "Civil War Gold" which aired nationally on PBS; an episode of "National Geographic: Ultimate Explorer"; National Geographic Magazine's September 2004 issue."
For additional information
"Lost Gold of the Republic"
"Bottles from the Deep";


Treasure Shipwrecks of New York and New Jersey's (Wreck Valley)

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